PBS states that the church was, by far, the biggest accomplishment built by the Byzantines. Completed in 537, the dome itself only took almost 6 years to build, with over 10,000 workers. It was the first dome built on a square base. The architect of the dome, Arthemius built 4 columns, with arches on top of them. He then filled them in, forming a strong structure for a dome. Sadly, in 559, there was an earthquake. The dome tumbled down and they rebuilt from the outside in, after turning it into a mosque.
The Dome of the Rock, built in Jerusalem in 688, is the most famous Islamic site in the world. An article on sacred destinations states the Dome of Rock isn’t a mosque, but instead a Muslim Shrine for pilgrims. Tradition says the Dome of Rock was built as a symbol of Muhammad ascending to heaven while he was in Jerusalem. However, some people believe Abd al-Malik built the dome to compete with churches of Christendom.
1) Hagia Sophia in Byzantine Empire
i) In the Hagia Sophia, first it was a Cathedral, then a mosque, now it’s a museum
i) Built 4 columns, then 4 arches over it, creating perfect structure for dome
2) Dome of Rock in Islamic empire
i) Has always been a mosque, still is
ii) They even close it from tourists for afternoon prayer
b) Actual architecture
i) Was originally gold, then replaced with copper, then with aluminum
Jarus, Owen. "Hagia Sophia: Facts, History & Architecture." LiveScience.com. Live Science, 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <http://www.livescience.com/27574-hagia-sophia.html>.
Hayes, Holly. "Sacred Destinations." Dome of the Rock. Sacred Destinations, Jan. 2010. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/israel/jerusalem-dome-of-the-rock>.
PBS Online. "Hagia Sophia: Dome." PBS. PBS, Jan. 2000. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/wonder/structure/hagia_sophia.html>.